Research Resources 

The SAEM Research Committee has collated a list of resources to help you with study design, implementation, evaluation and dissemination. These resources are geared toward more junior investigators, but may be helpful to senior researchers as well. For suggestions or feedback,  please contact us.


The Planning Stage

  • Getting Started
  • Search Existing Literature
  • Find Collaborators and Mentors
  • Find Funding
  • Ethical Principles and Laws
  • Informed Consent, IRB, MOUs

The Design Stage

  • Determine Power and Sample Size
  • View Reporting Guidelines
  • Inclusion of Women, Children and Ethnic Minority Groups
  • Additional Resources



The Data Collection Stage

  • Data Management Tools
  • Survey Instruments
  • Screening Logs & Email Samples

The Analysis Stage

  • Online Tools
  • Statistics Help

The Dissemination Stage

  • Manuscript Preparation

Career Development Resources

  • Calculators
  • Articles & Presentations

    Critical Appraisal Resources

    • Evidence-Based Resources

      The Planning Stage

       


      Getting Started

      Emergency Care Research: A Primer

      A primer of emergency medicine research published by ACEP research committee!

      Clinical Research Resource HUB

      The HUB provides a single portal to resources, expertise, and best practices for investigators, study staff, participants and partners/affiliates.

      SAEM Grants Guide and Directory

      This guide was developed by the SAEM Research Committee to assist young investigators in navigating the grant process and identify what type of grant is right for them.

      Sample GrantsExamples of grants to help you plan and write your own grant.

      See What’s Already Out There: The Literature Search

      There are several centralized websites where you can search for publications on any given topic. Here are a few that SAEM suggests:

      Biomedical Research

      PubMed

      Default of literature search: PubMed.

      Google Scholar

      Google can search across many disciplines and sources.

      Cochrane Library

      The leading resource for systematic reviews in health care.

      DAREUniversity of York has the website you can upload your systematic review protocol and receive the appraisal upon the completion of review.

      Grants

      NIH RePORTER

      This is research portfolio online report tracking tool by NIH. 

      US National Institutes of Health Clinical Trials Registry

      ClinicalTrials.gov is a registry and results database of publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants conducted around the world. 

       

      Find Collaborators and Mentors

      The SAEM Regional and Annual Meetings are excellent places to network and identify mentors. We are also developing online tools to match up mentors and mentees. Check back soon for more information.

      ResearchGate
      Academia.edu

       

      Find Funding

      SAEM Foundation 

      provides education and research grants to SAEM members. Additionally, the SAEM Research Committee has collated a list of foundations that have funded clinical emergency medicine research. Please email saem@saem.org to add any other foundations that fund EM research.

      Foundation List [PDF]Produced by the SAEM Research Committee
      Other Funding Opportunities


       

      Ethical Principles and Laws

      HHS Code of Federal Regulations for Protection of Human Subjects

      Here is the regulation concerning research subject.

      HHS Informed Consent Requirements in Emergency Research

      This is the requirement for informed consent.

      HHS Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects (Common Rule)

      A common rule to protect human subject in biomedical research.

      Human Subjects Regulations Decision ChartsGraphic aids to determine whether an activity is research that must be reviewed by an IRB, whether the review may be performed by expedited procedures, and whether informed consent or its documentation may be waived.

      Informed Consent and IRB's 

      AHRQ Toolkit

      The AHRQ has posted important information and useful toolkit about informed consent, which can help you develop your documents.  This will assist you in your IRB application.

       

      Memorandums of Understanding (MOUs)

      MOU Example [.docx]

      Establishing the roles and responsibilities of research team members will help to avoid conflict later on; please see this example of a brief memorandum of understanding that can be used to outline these roles.

       

      The Design Stage

       


      Power and Sample Size

      There are a few websites where you can search for power and sample size. Here are a few that SAEM suggests:

      UCSF Division of Biostatistics 

      This shows the options for sample size calculation, namely software, cost and how to.

      University of British Columbia Department of Statistics

      This enables you to calculate sample size and power for concise projects in a concise manner.

      Russ Lenth - Java Applets for Power and Sample Size

      A comprehensive list of Java applet for sample size and power calculation.

      Reporting Guidelines

      Visit these informative websites to learn more about the reporting guidelines for your study.

      CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials)

      This is the standard format to report clinical trial.

      Online Diagram Generator, University of Washington

      Also try online diagram generator from University of Washington.

      Editable Diagram

      Another resource is the editable diagram from consort website.

      STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology)

      Another resource is the editable diagram from consort website.

      Editable Strobe Diagram

      This is the format to report observation study. Also, an editable template is attached.
      PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses)This is the format to report systematic reviewer and meta-analysis. Also, an editable template is available below. 
      Online Diagram Generator
      Editable PRIMSA Diagram from the PRISMA Website
      GRADE (The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation)The working group has developed a common, sensible and transparent approach to grading quality of evidence and strength of recommendations.
      Cochrane Community (beta) Reporting GuidelinesThe site has a list of reporting guidelines, checklist, and diagram.
      Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research (COREQ)This includes a 32-item checklist for interviews and focus groups, and the format to report qualitative research. 
      Revised Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence (SQUIRE)SQUIRE has the format and checklist to report quality improvement project.
      The Standards for Reporting Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD 2015) An updated list of essential items for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies; includes checklist and template diagram. 

      Inclusion of Women, Children and Ethnic Minority Group Guidelines


      AEM PeRLs Video on Gender-Specific AnalysesThis website helps researchers understand how to design gender-specific research studies, including the design, analysis, and considerations involved. 
      Resources from NIH office of Research on Women's HealthThe ORWH provides resources on how to incorporate sex as a variable in the design, analysis, and reporting stages of pre-clinical studies. 

       

      Additional Resources

      SGBA

      The SGBA provides resources for and helps researchers understand how to conduct sex and gender-based analysis for research studies.

      NIH Guidelines for Reporting Race and Ethnicity Data, for Inclusion of Women and Minorities in Research

      This web page provides links useful in reporting race and ethnicity data for research studies.

      NIH Facts and Other Resources

      This web page provides links useful in keeping researchers current on how to report demographic information.

      The Data Collection Stage


      Clear screening and enrollment logs, as well as exquisitely detailed enrollment checklist, will improve the rigor of your research. These examples will help in crafting study specific documents.

      Screening Logs

      Screening Log Example #1 [.xls]
      Screening Log Example #2 [.xls]

       

      Intro Email

      Informing the department of your new study will assist in data collection and reduce conflicts in the clinical areas. This example email will assist you in writing your own.

      Example Intro Email [.docx]

      Data Management Tools

      Online Data Collection

      REDCap (Research Electronic Data Capture)

      REDCap is an online survey and database manager used to virtually collect a diverse range of data all over the world.

      Medrio

      Clinical research data capturing software for different phases of research that runs on a cloud system. 

      OpenClinica (Open Source for Clinical Research)

      OpenClinica is a user friendly electronic data capturing and data management system, for both study participants and researchers.

      SherlockMD

      Sherlock MD is an NIH funded web-based tool that allows researchers to design studies and collect data easily. 

      Clinovo clinCaptureClinic Capture is a validated cloud-based electronic data capturing system used for clinical studies and data management. 
      MagpiMagpi is a mobile data management and capturing system, messaging, and visualization app for research studies.

      Data Management

      FileMaker Pro is a web-based program to manage and report data and is accessible through various with various mobile devices.

      Microsoft Access

      Microsoft Access uses a desktop database system that helps organize, edit, and display data in a readable format. 

      FileMaker Pro

      FileMaker Pro is a web-based program to manage and report data and is accessible through various with various mobile devices.

      Survey Instruments 

      Survey Monkey

      Survey Monkey is a simple online survey generator. 

      Zoomerang

      Zoomerang is a survey/poll builder used to collect data.

      Survey Gizmo

      Survey Gizmo is a tool used to design and administer surveys online and populates survey data collected. 

      PollDaddyPolldaddy is an online polling, surveying, rating, and quiz tool used to collect data and provide information in real-time. 
      QualtricsQualtrics is online research software used for market research and demographic data collection and management. 
      QuestionProQuestionPro is surveying software that is feasible for mobile research platforms.

       

      The Analysis Stage

       


      There are many resources where you can find tools for analysis. Here are a few that SAEM suggests:

      Helpful Online Tools

      The NNT

      The NNT provides this easy to use tool to convert an Odds Ratio to a NNT

      Diagnostic Test Calculator

      The diagnostic test calculator is useful in determining the sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratios, and other diagnostic test characteristics for research studies. 

      JAMA Evidence Calculator

      The JAMA Evidence Calculators provides several useful online statistical tools, excellent resource, but subscription required for most.

      Statistics Help

      SAS

      UCLA Institute for Digital Research and Education SAS

      This website provides resources to help researchers navigate through SAS, a statistical analysis software for large data sets that require


      STATA

      UCLA Institute for Digital Research and Education STATA

      This website provides resources to help researchers navigate through STATA, statistical analysis software with easy to learn codes that can manage large sets of data.

      STATA Video Tutorials

      This website provides useful videos to help researchers navigate through STATA, statistical analysis software with easy to learn codes that can manage large sets of data.

      R

      The R Project Software Download

      The R project is a free statistical computing system and graphics generator that is compatible with both Windows and Mac OS.

      R News and Tutorials

      This website provides useful tutorials on how to use the R Project software.

      SPSS

      UCLA Institute for Digital Research and Education SPSS

      This website provides resources to help researchers navigate through SPSS, a simple statistical software usually for beginners. 

      SPSS Tutorials

      This website provides resources to help researchers navigate through SPSS, a simple statistical software usually for beginners. 


      The Dissemination Stage

       


       

      There are many resources where you can find tools for manuscript preparation. Here are a few that SAEM suggests:

      Manuscript Preparation


      The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICJEM)

      Recommendations for conduct, reporting, editing and publication of scholarly work

      National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings

      The terms to select from for “key words” for most manuscript submissions

      Career Development Resources 

       


      Gaining Skills in Research

      You cannot be successful at anything in life without the requisite skill set. You trained to earn the privilege of treating patients. You trained to learn how to apply your emergency care skills to anyone with any disease who rolls through your ED door. What makes you think you can learn to do research without being trained? Even more than that, why would anyone give you the time or money when you yourself have not shown that you are willing to take the time (and maybe sacrifice the money) to learn how to do it right. Find a mentor, learn the skills required, and then an employer or funding agency is much more likely to see the value you bring to the table. You might get lucky without training, but odds are against you.

      -Judd Hollander, MD, Associate Dean for Strategic Health Initiatives, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University, Department of Emergency Medicine 

      Articles and Presentations

      Perry JJ, Snider CE, Artz JD, et al. CAEP 2014 Academic Symposium: "How to make research succeed in your emergency department: How to develop and train career researchers in emergency medicine". Cjem. 2015;17(3):334-343.

      The New Research Fellowship Certification Process (page 18)

      List of Current SAEM-Approved Research Fellowships

      Lessons from a Novice EMS Researcher

      Excellent insights into building an academic career in emergency medicine research.

      SAEM Introduction to Research Curriculum

      Initiating clinical research in emergency medicine can be a daunting task especially for residents, junior faculty, fellows and other early career investigators.  To address many of the challenges that arise, the SAEM Research Committee has created an “Introduction to Research” curriculum to take place on a rotating basis over three SAEM Annual Meetings. The curriculum is designed to provide yearly didactics in four discrete areas:

      1. “Getting Started” will teach you how to foster collaborations, obtain mentors, deal with the IRB and find grant funding in order to leverage your research idea into a successful product.
      2. “Methods” will introduce you to research methods that are highly relevant to early career researchers: retrospective chart reviews, studies utilizing electronic databases, and mixed methods, such as surveys and qualitative research.  
      3. “Analysis” will introduce you to the basics of biostatistics and epidemiology.   This series will cover foundation concepts such as p-values and precision, but will also introduce methods to both recognize and deal with potential bias and confounding.  
      4. “Dissemination of Information” will familiarize you with basic concepts related to abstract and manuscript writing, publication, the perspective of peer reviewers, and writing for the lay public. 

      Keep checking the SAEM Annual Meeting Websites for forthcoming educational opportunities in research skills

      Critical Appraisal Resources 

       


      There are many resources where you can find tools for critical appraisals. Here are a few that SAEM suggests:


      University of South Australia International Centre for Allied Health Evidence

      The International Centre for Allied Health Evidence at the Sansom Institute for Health Research at the University of South Australia offers freely-available access to a range of resources developed by iCAHE over time.  These resources have come from projects that iCAHE researchers have conducted and from requests for information from clients, collaborators and associates.

      Center for evidence-based medicine, University of OxfordThis website provides resources to help researchers develop critical appraisals in addition to providing worksheets and examples of critical appraisals.
      Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP)CASP provides e-learning resources to help researchers develop critical appraisals.


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